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Foot Bunion Treatment
- Dr. Ahmadi
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Foot Bunion Treatment Facts:
- A bunion is a bony prominence from the realignment of the joint at the base of the big toes.
- Bunions most commonly affect the inner foot at the base of the big toe but also can affect the outside of the foot at the base of the little toe, referred to as tailor’s bunion.
- Bunions most commonly affect women.
- Bunions may or may not cause symptoms.
- Bunions are a progressive deformity.
- Foot bunion treatment can include rest, icing, alteration of footwear, foot supports (orthotics), medications, steroid injections, and/or surgery.
Most severe foot bunion treatment must be performed by an experienced podiatrist.
What Are The Causes Of Bunions?
While the precise cause is not known, there seem to be inherited (genetic) factors that lead to abnormal foot function, such as overpronation that can predispose to the development of bunions. This is especially common when bunions occur in younger individuals. Abnormal biomechanics can lead to instability of the metatarsal phalangeal joint and muscle imbalance resulting in the deformity.
Although shoe gear doesn’t directly cause a bunion, it can certainly make the bunion painful and swollen. Other less common causes of bunion deformities include trauma (sprains, fractures, and nerve injuries), neuromuscular disorders (polio or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease), and limb-length discrepancies (one leg shorter than the other) where the longer leg develops the bunion. The longer limb will tend to cause the foot to overpronate. All these cases need foot bunion treatment.
What Are The Foot Bunion Treatment?
To treat bunions, your podiatrist may recommend a prescription or over-the-counter pain reliever, as well as a medication to relieve swelling and inflammation. A heating pad or warm foot bath may also help relieve the immediate bunion pain and discomfort. A few people may find relief with ice packs.
If the bunion isn’t painful and you catch it early, changing to well-fitting shoes may be all the treatment needed. Some doctors advise bunion pads, splints, or other shoe inserts, provided they don’t exert pressure elsewhere on the foot and aggravate other problems.
For some bunions, an orthotic specialist can prescribe shoes with specially designed insoles and uppers that take the pressure off affected joints and help the foot regain its proper shape.
To treat severe bunions, surgery may be recommended, but only when symptoms are severe enough to warrant such intervention. Surgery for strictly cosmetic reasons should not be done since the risks may be greater than the benefits.
Surgery for a bunion, called a bunionectomy, is done in a hospital or a surgery center under local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia. The foot surgeon can often realign the bone behind the big toe by cutting the ligaments at the joint. For a severe bunion, you may need to have the bone cut in a technique called an osteotomy. Wires or screws may be inserted to keep the bones in line, and excess bone may be shaved off or removed. Bunion surgery could have some complications include recurrence of the bunion, inadequate correction, overcorrection (the toe now points inward), continued pain, and limited movement of the large toe. Some bunions may be secondary to another deformity, like flat feet, therefore the primary deformity needs to be addressed first.
Bunion removal must be performed by an experienced foot doctor to avoid complications. Although they may develop on the fifth (little) toe, bunions usually occur at the base of the big toe. Bunions are often caused by incorrect foot mechanics. The foot may flatten too much, forcing the toe joint to move beyond the normal range. In some cases, joint damage caused by arthritis or an injury produces a bunion. And some people are born with the tendency to develop bunions. If you’re at risk for developing a bunion, wearing high- heeled or poorly fitting shoes makes the problem worse.
As a Foot and Ankle Doctor:
Dr. Matt Ahmadi is a leading Orange County Podiatrist, specializes in reconstructive surgical and non-surgical care for children and adults as well as a wide variety of foot and ankle diseases and disorders. He places emphasis on educating patients about the function and dynamics of the foot and ankle in order to prevent future problems.
The foot and ankle are critically important to the health of the entire body. Dr. Ahmadi strives to help his patients understand these connections and develop useful ways to maintain a healthy functioning of the foot and ankle in relation to movement and posture. Positive results may significantly affect the issues of the knee, hip, spinal function, vascular circulation, lung and heart function and emotional well-being. If you are suffering from bunions, let Dr. Matt Ahmadi, the leading foot bunion treatment podiatrist help you put an end to your bunion pain.