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    Mission Viejo, California 92691
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Getting you back
on your feet

Bunions

Bunions

WHAT CAUSES BUNIONS

Although they may develop on the fifth (little) toe, bunions usually occur at the base of the big toe. They are often caused by incorrect foot mechanics. The foot may flatten too much, forcing the toe joint to move beyond normal range. In some cases, joint damage caused by arthritis or an injury produces a bunion. And some people are born with the tendency to develop bunions. If you’re at risk for developing a bunion, wearing high- heeled or poorly fitting shoes makes the problem worse.

Types of Bunions

Positional (mild) bunions arise from the growth or new bone. STRUCTURAL (severe) bunions result when the joint at the base of the toe shifts position. Many bunions are a combination of both types.

Positional Bunions
Structural Bunions
Positional Bunions

As new bone grows, the joint enlarges. This stretches the joint’s outer covering. Force created by the stretching pushes the big toe toward the smaller ones. Eventually, the inside tendons tighten, pulling the big toe farther out of alignment.

Structural Bunions

When the angle between the bones af the first and second toes is greater than normal, the big toe slants toward the smaller ones. In severe cases, this may also cause the second and third toes to buckle.

HOW ARE BUNIONS TREATED?

If a bunion is not painful or severe, your doctor may recommend that you wear a different style of shoes. Or you may be prescribed custom- made shoe inserts (orthotics) to control incorrect foot mechanics. For painful or severe bunions, outpatient surgery may be recommended. After surgery, you’ll soon be on your way home and ready for recovery
Shifting soft tissue
Shifting Bone.

Removing bone.

Shifting soft tissue

To realign the affected joint, any tight tendons on the inside of the toe are leased (cut). New bone that makes up the bunion is shaved away.

Shifting Bone

The most common bunion surgery reduces the angle between the first and second toes. Bones in the big toe joint are realigned and the bunion is shaved away. Ligaments and tendons around the joint may be tightened to hold it properly in place

Removing bone

If a structural bunion is severe, a piece of bone is removed from the first metatarsal (the long bone behind the big toe joint). Once repositioned, this bone may be held in place with a pin or a screw. Any new bone that makes up a bunion is shaved away.

 

Bunion Removal

 

Bunion removal must be performed by an experienced foot doctor to avoid complications. Although they may develop on the fifth (little) toe, bunions usually occur at the base of the big toe. Bunions are often caused by incorrect foot mechanics. The foot may flatten too much, forcing the toe joint to move beyond normal range. In some cases, joint damage caused by arthritis or an injury produces a bunion. And some people are born with the tendency to develop bunions. If you’re at risk for developing a bunion, wearing high- heeled or poorly fitting shoes makes the problem worse.

Bunion Removal by Dr. Matt Ahmadi in Orange County CA